Personal-Security Checklist for Privacy on Web Browsing
Checklist for safe web browsing to be protected from threats, online tracking and improved privacy.
Use a Privacy-Respecting Browser
Firefox and Brave, with some adjustments, provide secure and privacy-focused browsing experiences. They are both speedy, open-source, user-friendly, and compatible with all major operating systems. Keep in mind that your browser has access to all your online activities, so it's advisable to steer clear of Google Chrome, Edge, and Safari unless you configure them correctly, as these three browsers may gather usage data, establish connections to external servers, and permit invasive tracking by default.
Keep your browser up-to-date
Browser vulnerabilities are frequently uncovered and subsequently fixed. Therefore, it is crucial to maintain your browser in an updated state to prevent falling victim to a zero-day exploit. You can check your current browser version by clicking here or refer to this guide for step-by-step instructions on how to perform updates. Additionally, certain browsers have an automatic update feature that ensures you are always using the latest stable version.
Don't sign into your browser
This can link further data to your identity. If you need to, you can use an open source bookmark sync apps
Use Incognito when using others devices
When using someone else's device, ensure that you're in a private/ incognito session. This will prevent browser history, cookies and some data being saved, but is not fool-proof- you can still be tracked.
Seperate profiles for seperate things
Use Compartmentalization to separate different areas of your browsing (such as work, social, shopping etc), in order to reduce tracking.This can be done with Firefox Containers, or by using separate browsers or browser profiles
Check Browser Privacy
Test your browser using tools like BrowserLeaks to ensure there are no major issues and to know what device info you are exposing to websites
Use privacy respecting search engine
Set your default search to a non-tracking engine, such as DuckDuckGo
Block Ads and third party trackers
Block invasive 3rd-party trackers and ads using an extension like Privacy Badger or uBlock
Remove unncessary addons
Remove all unnecessary add-ons/ extensions. removing unnecessary add-ons/extensions is a proactive security measure that reduces potential security risks, improves browser performance, and enhances your overall online privacy and safety.
Check for HTTPS Sign
Refrain from providing any information on websites without HTTPS (ensure you see the lock icon). Modern browsers such as Firefox, Chrome, Edge, and Safari come equipped with built-in HTTPS security measures.
Ensure Website is Legit
Ensure website is Legit using tools like IsLegitSite, Google Safe Browsing Status if you are unsure
Beware of Websites with signs of Malware
Spyware, miners, browser hijackers, malicious redirects, and adware can compromise your system or browser. Protect yourself by ignoring pop-ups, being cautious about what you click, and heeding your browser's warnings about potentially malicious websites. Signs of browser malware include changes to your default search engine or homepage, unfamiliar toolbars, extensions, excessive ads, errors, and unusually slow page loading.